The goal of this randomized, double-blind study was to measure the safety and effectiveness of aripiprazole (sold as Abilify) as monotherapy for acute biolar mania. Aripiprazole casued significantl more improvement than placebo and the same was shown for lithium. Most common side effects with aripiprazole were headache, nausea, sedation, constipation and akathisia, which is a feeling of inner restlessness that causes people to have an inability to stay still. Within 2 days, aripiprazole provided relief of symptoms of acute mania within 2 days, which continued over 3 weeks and sustained over 3 months. At twelve weeks both medications had similar outcomes.
Keck, P.E., et al (2009). Aripiprazole monotherapy in the treatment of acute bipolar I mania: A randomized, double-blind, placebo and lithium-controlled study. Journal of Affective Disorders, 112(1-3), 36-49
New scientific evidence show that the long-term course of bipolar disorder (BD) is lnked with high rates of other psychiatric conditions and increased mortality rates due to medicl disease. This leads to chronic BD, involvement in many health and social welfare sysmptoms. Add this to the disturbances in circadian rhythms, unstable moods and cognitive difficulties lead to a high rate of medical burden. Therefore the authors propose a multidimensional approach that addresses all these symptom domains.
Sorcella, I., E. Frank, and D.J. Kupfer (2009). The phenomenology of bipolar disorder: What drives the high rate of medical burden and determines long-term prognosis? Depressiona and Anxiety, 26(1), 73-82.
The objective of this study was to observe more than 3,000 people with bipolar disorder I (BDI) with a focus on those with rapid cycling (RC) in a large, prospective, observational study that followed people over many years in 14 European countries. Findings imiply that in non-clinical settings, people with mania and RC have different socio-demographics, treatment prescriptions and clinical outcome, with worse work outcomes and more co-existing conditions. It was also indicated that people with RC BPI have a severe form of BD over time with diagnostic and therapeutic tools that do not have rigorous evidence to support their usefulness.
Cruz, N, et al. (2008). Rapid-cycling bipolar I disorder: Course and treatment outcome of a large sample across Europe. Journal of Psychiatric Research 42(13), 1068-1075.
The research question in this study was to find out if advanced paternal age was associated with higher incidence of BD in offspring since advanced paternal age is known to increase risk for neurodevelopmental disorders. Starting with a database of 7,328,100 individuals and their biological parents, the sample was more than 13,00 people with a BD diagnosis. Taking account number of prior births, maternal age, socioeconomoic status and family history of psychotic disorders, the children of men who were 55 years and older were at a one-third increase in risk of having BD than the children of men who were aged 20-24 years.
Frans, E. M. et al. (2008) Advancing paternal age and bipolar disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry 65(9), 1034-1040.