According to the National Institutes of Health, chronic sleep loss or sleep disorders may impact up to 70 million Americans and cost up to $16billion in healthcare costs and $60billion in lost productivity. So sleep is a big deal, not only to people living with bipolar disorder, who often have sleep disorders related to the illness
but also to people in general.
GOOD SLEEP is as essential for health as is good nutrition and physical activity. Getting good sleep means going to bed when you are tired, falling asleep within 15-30 minutes, staying asleep for 6-8 hours, and waking up feeling rested.
For manic episodes sleep goes bye bye and the rush of being able to just go-go-go eventually puts us in the hospital if we don't get back on track. During a bout of depression many people would prefer not to get out of bed. Treatment for bipolar disord
er usually gets people back on track with their sleep but if sleeplessness continues then they are often treated with medications that induce sleep.
Sleep deprivation (sleep deficit) is also the leading cause of accidents (of all kinds) in the USA because the brain does not function well on lack of sleep. Too little sleep also weakens our immune system so that we are more susceptible to illness. So what I am saying in this post can apply to anyone, not just people living with mental illness.
The latest research suggests that a sleep routine that keeps our circadian rhythms (internal clock) on a regular schedule, also keeps the mind on an even keel.
How do we do this? By developing a sleep routine; and at a minimum your sleep routine should include the following:
- Going to bed at the same time each night and getting up at the same time each morning. Everyday. No changes on weekends. This sets your internal time clock and helps keep your moods on an even keel.
- Give yourself 30 - 60 minutes to prepare for bed and find a way of developing a habit in terms of the sequencing of your preparation. The point is to slow down the body so it is ready to go to bed. For example, you could start by taking your medications (in particular, medications that make you drowsy) so they have some time to take effect before getting into bed? Or if they are quick acting you may want to take them last. Make sure you have set your alarm or put a glass of water by the bed (this is especially for people suffering from the dry mouth side effects of many bipolar medications). Some people find a bath calming. Others find a shower either calming or stimulating so find the activities that work best for you.
- A calming down activity such as meditation or yoga or reading (a calm book:). Drinking a cup of warm milk (which has naturally occurring ingredients that make people sleepy) or chamomile tea is also helpful.
Research has also shown that we sleep better in cool temperatures so make sure to turn off/down the heating in your room. A dark room also encourages sleep and if you cannot create a really dark room then sleep with a blindfold on. TVs should be banned from the bedroom. So should laptop computers and your cellphone, if you are having a hard time with distractions.
One of the best ways to get better sleep is to be physically active on a regular basis. For those who have trouble sleeping it is better if you exercise in the morning, because the body takes some time to calm down when you exercise so if you do it too close to your bedtime, your body may be to revved up to fall asleep.
If you want to know more about sleep and mental well-being and find evidence-based strategies for improving sleep, then check out a new publication by the Mental Health Foundation in the UK, which has published a free downloadable book on sleep called, 'Sleep Matters: The Impact of Sleep on Health and Well-Being', click here.
The National Institutes of Health also publishes a sleep guide called, 'Your Guide to Healthy Sleep' is available free if you click here.